自從開始用了MacOS以後,其穩定性,基本上令人非滿意;但,還是發生了一些,不該發生的事,因些順便整理下來,在MacOS ,一些曾經遇到的疑難雜症,分享一下。

設備:iMac 5K 27 2014 Late

RAM:32GB

SSD:intel ssd 660p 2TB -> Samsung 1TB

The volume Macintosh HD was formatted by storagekitd

The volume Macintosh HD was formatted by storagekitd (1677.60.23) and last modified by apfs_kext (1677.60.23).
warning: apfs_sb at apfs_fs_index (4): apfs_features has unrecognized features (10)
error: apfs_sb at apfs_fs_index (4): apfs_incompatible_features has unsupported flags: (0x20)
Volume superblock is invalid.
The volume /dev/disk0s2 could not be verified completely.

重裝mac系統

重新切割硬碟

更新intel ssd 660p firmware

https://discussions.apple.com/thread/251534477

nvme: “Fatal error occurred. CSTS=0xffffffff US[1]=0x0 US[0]=0x18 VID=0x8086 DID=0xf1a8

主要症狀:不定時重開機,特別是copy超過GB以上檔案,Finder直接當,接著會重開機。

panic(cpu 0 caller 0xffffff7f94459231): nvme: "Fatal error occurred. CSTS=0xffffffff US[1]=0x0 US[0]=0x18 VID=0x8086 DID=0xf1a8
. FW Revision=002C\n"@/AppleInternal/BuildRoot/Library/Caches/com.apple.xbs/Sources/IONVMeFamily/IONVMeFamily-470.100.17/IONVMeController.cpp:5320
Backtrace (CPU 0), Frame : Return Address
0xffffffa3dc0bb9e0 : 0xffffff801271c63d 
0xffffffa3dc0bba30 : 0xffffff8012856b25 
0xffffffa3dc0bba70 : 0xffffff80128486ae 
0xffffffa3dc0bbac0 : 0xffffff80126c2a40 
0xffffffa3dc0bbae0 : 0xffffff801271bd07 
0xffffffa3dc0bbbe0 : 0xffffff801271c0f7 
0xffffffa3dc0bbc30 : 0xffffff8012ec0b3c 
0xffffffa3dc0bbca0 : 0xffffff7f94459231 
0xffffffa3dc0bbcc0 : 0xffffff7f94444362 
0xffffffa3dc0bbe20 : 0xffffff8012e313a9 
0xffffffa3dc0bbe90 : 0xffffff8012e312c9 
0xffffffa3dc0bbec0 : 0xffffff801275e605 
0xffffffa3dc0bbf40 : 0xffffff801275e131 
0xffffffa3dc0bbfa0 : 0xffffff80126c213e 
      Kernel Extensions in backtrace:
         com.apple.iokit.IONVMeFamily(2.1)[C1353547-5895-34A0-BE70-9D5340F8DBFB]@0xffffff7f94436000->0xffffff7f94478fff
            dependency: com.apple.driver.AppleMobileFileIntegrity(1.0.5)[05104EF8-55A0-3532-9185-77A1CCA57190]@0xffffff7f93187000
            dependency: com.apple.iokit.IOPCIFamily(2.9)[EBF1EE2C-3FBC-3BB4-BB9A-D1F120364896]@0xffffff7f93302000
            dependency: com.apple.driver.AppleEFINVRAM(2.1)[BC623AB0-1945-3ACC-8FFE-A134F4D8AA0C]@0xffffff7f9350a000
            dependency: com.apple.iokit.IOStorageFamily(2.1)[E5EEA957-1FBA-354A-A334-78116167B91E]@0xffffff7f93065000
            dependency: com.apple.iokit.IOReportFamily(47)[81C1239D-5B9B-3E67-9781-8C09A8F49E07]@0xffffff7f93230000

BSD process name corresponding to current thread: kernel_task

Mac OS version:
19H1217

Kernel version:
Darwin Kernel Version 19.6.0: Thu May  6 00:48:39 PDT 2021; root:xnu-6153.141.33~1/RELEASE_X86_64
Kernel UUID: 0B6CD26B-B526-3646-9B69-02D22BBE9C52
Kernel slide:     0x0000000012400000
Kernel text base: 0xffffff8012600000
__HIB  text base: 0xffffff8012500000
System model name: iMac15,1 (Mac-42FD25EABCABB274)
System shutdown begun: NO
Panic diags file available: YES (0x0)

System uptime in nanoseconds: 1054171895194855
last loaded kext at 629287508472284: com.parallels.kext.netbridge	16.1.1 49141 (addr 0xffffff7f96d03000, size 94208)
last unloaded kext at 643184408306886: com.parallels.kext.hypervisor	16.1.1 49141 (addr 0xffffff7f96ccc000, size 192512)
loaded kexts:
@filesystems.afpfs	11.2
@nke.asp-tcp	8.1
>!AUpstreamUserClient	3.6.8
@kext.AMDFramebuffer	3.1.0
@kext.AMDRadeonX4000	3.1.0
@kext.AMDRadeonServiceManager	3.1.0
>!AGraphicsDevicePolicy	5.2.7
@fileutil	20.036.15
@AGDCPluginDisplayMetrics	5.2.7
>!AHV	1
|IOUserEthernet	1.0.1
|IO!BSerialManager	7.0.6f8
>AGPM	111.4.4
>!APlatformEnabler	2.7.0d0
>X86PlatformShim	1.0.0
>pmtelemetry	1
>!AHDAHardwareConfigDriver	283.15
>!AMikeyHIDDriver	131
@Dont_Steal_Mac_OS_X	7.0.0
>!A!IHD5000Graphics	14.0.7
>AGDCBacklightControl	5.2.7
>AudioAUUC	1.70
>!AHDA	283.15
>eficheck	1
>!AMikeyDriver	283.15
>ACPI_SMC_PlatformPlugin	1.0.0
>!AThunderboltIP	3.1.4
>!ABacklight	180.3
>!A!IFramebufferAzul	14.0.7
|!ABCM5701Ethernet	10.3.5
>!ASMCLMU	212
>!ALPC	3.1
>AirPort.BrcmNIC	1400.1.1
>!AFIVRDriver	4.1.0
>!A!ISlowAdaptiveClocking	4.0.0
@kext.AMD7000!C	3.1.0
>!AMCCSControl	1.14
@filesystems.autofs	3.0
|IO!BUSBDFU	7.0.6f8
>!ATopCaseHIDEventDriver	3430.1
>!UTopCaseDriver	3430.1
>!AFileSystemDriver	3.0.1
>!AVirtIO	1.0
@filesystems.hfs.kext	522.100.5
@!AFSCompression.!AFSCompressionTypeDataless	1.0.0d1
@BootCache	40
@!AFSCompression.!AFSCompressionTypeZlib	1.0.0
@filesystems.apfs	1412.141.2
@private.KextAudit	1.0
>!AAHCIPort	341.140.1
>!ASDXC	1.7.7
>!ARTC	2.0
>!AACPIButtons	6.1
>!AHPET	1.8
>!ASMBIOS	2.1
>!AACPIEC	6.1
>!AAPIC	1.7
$!AImage4	1
@nke.applicationfirewall	303
$TMSafetyNet	8
@!ASystemPolicy	2.0.0
|EndpointSecurity	1
>usb.cdc.acm	5.0.0
>usb.serial	6.0.0
>usb.cdc.ecm	5.0.0
>usb.cdc.ncm	5.0.0
>!UMergeNub	900.4.2
$SecureRemotePassword	1.0
>!A!BHIDKeyboard	209
@kext.AMDRadeonX4030HWLibs	1.0
@kext.AMDRadeonX4000HWServices	3.1.0
>!AGraphicsControl	5.2.7
|IOAVB!F	850.1
@plugin.IOgPTPPlugin	840.3
>DspFuncLib	283.15
@kext.OSvKernDSPLib	529
>IOPlatformPluginLegacy	1.0.0
@!AGPUWrangler	5.2.7
>!ABacklightExpert	1.1.0
|IONDRVSupport	576.1
|IOAccelerator!F2	438.7.4
>!AHDA!C	283.15
|IOHDA!F	283.15
|IOEthernetAVB!C	1.1.0
>!UAudio	323.4
>!ASMBusPCI	1.0.14d1
|IO80211!F	1200.12.2b1
>mDNSOffloadUserClient	1.0.1b8
>corecapture	1.0.4
|IOSkywalk!F	1
>X86PlatformPlugin	1.0.0
>IOPlatformPlugin!F	6.0.0d8
|IOSlowAdaptiveClocking!F	1.0.0
@kext.AMDSupport	3.1.0
@!AGraphicsDeviceControl	5.2.7
>!AThunderboltEDMSink	4.2.3
>!ASMBus!C	1.0.18d1
|IOGraphics!F	576.1
@kext.triggers	1.0
|Broadcom!BHost!CUSBTransport	7.0.6f8
|IO!BHost!CUSBTransport	7.0.6f8
|IO!BHost!CTransport	7.0.6f8
>!AHS!BDriver	3430.1
>IO!BHIDDriver	7.0.6f8
|IO!B!F	7.0.6f8
|IO!BPacketLogger	7.0.6f8
>!AActuatorDriver	3440.1
>usb.IOUSBHostHIDDevice	1.2
>!AMultitouchDriver	3440.1
>!AInputDeviceSupport	3440.8
>!AHIDKeyboard	209
>usb.!UHub	1.2
>usb.cdc	5.0.0
>usb.networking	5.0.0
>usb.!UHostCompositeDevice	1.2
|IOAudio!F	300.2
@vecLib.kext	1.2.0
|IOSerial!F	11
|IOSurface	269.11
@filesystems.hfs.encodings.kext	1
>!AThunderboltDPOutAdapter	6.2.6
>!AThunderboltDPInAdapter	6.2.6
>!AThunderboltDPAdapter!F	6.2.6
>!AThunderboltPCIDownAdapter	2.5.4
>!AXsanScheme	3
|IOAHCIBlock!S	316.100.5
>!AThunderboltNHI	5.8.6
|IOThunderbolt!F	7.6.1
|IOAHCI!F	290.0.1
|IONVMe!F	2.1.0
>usb.!UXHCIPCI	1.2
>usb.!UXHCI	1.2
>!A!ILpssGspi	3.0.60
>usb.!UHostPacketFilter	1.0
|IOUSB!F	900.4.2
>!AEFINVRAM	2.1
>!AEFIRuntime	2.1
|IOSMBus!F	1.1
|IOHID!F	2.0.0
$quarantine	4
$sandbox	300.0
@kext.!AMatch	1.0.0d1
>DiskImages	493.0.0
>!AFDEKeyStore	28.30
>!AEffaceable!S	1.0
>!ASSE	1.0
>!AKeyStore	2
>!UTDM	489.120.1
|IOSCSIBlockCommandsDevice	422.120.3
>!ACredentialManager	1.0
>KernelRelayHost	1
>!ASEPManager	1.0.1
>IOSlaveProcessor	1
|IOTimeSync!F	840.3
|IONetworking!F	3.4
|IOUSBMass!SDriver	157.140.1
|IOSCSIArchitectureModel!F	422.120.3
|IO!S!F	2.1
|IOUSBHost!F	1.2
>!UHostMergeProperties	1.2
>usb.!UCommon	1.0
>!ABusPower!C	1.0
|CoreAnalytics!F	1
>!AMobileFileIntegrity	1.0.5
@kext.CoreTrust	1
|IOReport!F	47
>!AACPIPlatform	6.1
>!ASMC	3.1.9
>watchdog	1
|IOPCI!F	2.9
|IOACPI!F	1.4
@kec.pthread	1
@kec.Libm	1
@kec.corecrypto	1.0
Fatal error occurred 1

看錯誤訊息是NVME的問題,用相關錯誤關鍵字在網路上查詢了非常久,幾乎翻遍了國外相關資料,沒有有效的解方,後來發現除了換掉SSD,基本無解。

把Intel 660p SSD換掉,改用Samaung SSD。就解決了。

通常在大約開機後約5-10分鐘或半小時後發生,系統莫名關機,畫面變成純黑,以為關機了,但似乎又不是,因為按下power鍵,沒反應;要按5秒鐘,才會直接關機,接著再按一下power才能開機。完全查不出任何問題,基本上一開始以為是主機板快要壞了或什麼嚴重的問題吧!而且這臺iMac已經很舊了,所以不打算維修。

曾經嘗試過的方法:

  • 將一些開機後自動啓動的常駐程式關掉。似乎有效,但沒出久又出現一樣狀況。
  • 開啓Firewall,似乎真的有效,沒有再發生;但仍不確定是不是真的原因。也許拔掉網路線,也可以確定是不是被攻擊造成的,但當時沒有這樣測試。
  • 也有可能是更新完系統程式,才造成的!不確定。
  • 剛好新的更新系統程式來了,更新完後,就好了,沒有再發生。

MacOS, iphone, ipad突然之間接力(HandOff)功能失效怎麼辨?

這個功能實用性質非常高,網路上有許許多多常規的解決方法,甚至包括英文的解法,我都試過,但都無效,我的測試方式是兩兩分別測試;後來試出來,分別將各個設備的Handoff功能,作一次關閉及開啓接力功能,再重開機就正常了。

註:若單純只有關閉再開啟接力功能或只有重開機,都無效。

如何完整的移除MAC版office授權檔案?

為什麼會有這個需求呢?例如:從一般版本轉換到office 365版本。

https://support.microsoft.com/en-us/office/how-to-remove-office-license-files-on-a-mac-b032c0f6-a431-4dad-83a9-6b727c03b193

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